In the 16th century Spain established missions throughout New Spain (consisting of Mexico and portions of what today are the Southwestern United States) in order to facilitate colonization of these lands.
In the Spring of 1687, a Jesuit missionary named Father Eusebio Francisco Kino lived and worked with the native Americans in the area called the Pimería Alta, or “Upper Pima Country,” which presently is located in the areas between the Mexican state of Sonora and the state of Arizona in the United States. During Father Eusebio Kino’s stay in the Pimería Alta, he founded over twenty missions in eight mission districts. In Arizona, unlike Mexico, missionization proceeded slowly.
Father Kino founded missions San Xavier and San Gabriel at the Piman communities of Bac and Guevavi along the Santa Cruz River.
• List of Existing Spanish Missions
• List of Destroyed Spanish Missions
|Mission La Purisima Concepcion||Spanish Mission|
|Mission Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi||Spanish Mission|
|Mission San Bernardo de Aguatubi||Spanish Mission|
|Mission San Cayetano de Calabasas||Spanish Mission|
|Mission San José de Tumacácori||Spanish Mission|
|Mission San Xavier del Bac||Spanish Mission|
|Presidio San Agustin||Spanish Presidio|
|Tubac Presidio State Historic Park||Spanish Presidio|