In a county of extremely varied geography from valley wetlands to mighty rivers and high mountains, the agricultural, industrial and cultural history is equally diverse.

Butte County, named for a prominent valley landform, the Sutter Buttes, originally encompassed present day Lassen, Sutter, Tehama, Glenn and Plumas Counties.

The county is rich in history, from pre-gold rush ranchos (Mexican Land Grants), gold mining (panning, hydraulic and dredging), forest industries (lumber and resins), Sacramento Valley wheat, rice, nut, citrus and olive agriculture, cattle raising, plant experiment stations and a cold war missile silo to modern organic farming. Banking, commerce and transportation played large roles as well.

Migratory birds of the Pacific Flyway, which diminished during the days of market hunting and drainage of wetlands, have now returned to a new habitat created by the thousands of acres of rice fields.

NameNational LandmarkState LandmarkPoint of InterestOther Designation
Hooker OakN/A313N/AN/A
Old Suspension BridgeN/A314N/AN/A
Rancho Chico and Bidwell Adobe72000216329N/AN/A
Bidwell's BarN/A330N/AN/A
Chinese TempleN/A770N/AN/A
Dogtown Nugget Discovery SiteN/A771N/AN/A
Oregon CityN/A807N/AN/A
Discovery Site of the Last Yahi IndianN/A809N/AN/A
Chico Forestry Station and NurseryN/A840.2N/AN/A
Mother Orange Tree of Butte CountyN/A1043N/AN/A