History and Map
Marin County is one of the original 27 counties of California, created February 18, 1850, following adoption of the California Constitution of 1849 and just months before the state was admitted to the Union.
According to General Mariano Vallejo, the county was named for “Marin”, great chief of the tribe Licatiut.” Another version of the origin of the county name is that the bay between San Pedro Point and San Quentin Point was named Bahía de Nuestra Señora del Rosario la Marinera in 1775, and that Marin is simply an abbreviation of this name.
Francis Drake and the crew of the Golden Hind was thought to have landed on the Marin coast in 1579 claiming the land as Nova Albion. In 1595, Sebastian Cermeno lost his ship, the San Agustin, while exploring the Marin Coast. The Spanish explorer Vizcaíno landed about twenty years after Drake in what is now called Drakes Bay. However the first Spanish settlement in Marin was not established until 1817 when Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded partly in response to the Russian-built Fort Ross to the north in what is now Sonoma County.
State Historical Landmarks
#207: First Sawmill in Marin County
#210: Camino Ylita Adobe (Oldest House North of San Francisco Bay)
#220: Mission San Rafael Arcangel
#221: Site of the Lighter Wharf at Bolinas
#222: Lime Kilns
#529: Angel Island
#552: Pioneer Paper Mill