20 EXCHANGE PLACE
Designed by the architectural firm of Cross & Cross in the restrained style once known as “Modern Classic,” Twenty Exchange Place was completed in 1931. It was built to be the Wall Street headquarters of the City Bank Farmers Trust Company, which would eventually become one of the world’s largest banking institutions, CitiBank. The stone-clad icon is among New York’s tallest buildings and remains one of the most prominent features of the lower Manhattan skyline. The steel-framed tower is sheathed in Granite and Limestone. At the time of completion, Twenty Exchange Place reigned as the fourth tallest building in the world, and the world’s tallest building with a stone façade. It is one of the era’s most noteworthy skyscrapers. Widely spaced giant piers rise to 14 freestanding heroic figures, said to represent the “Giants of Finance.” The main entrance is distinguished by its dramatic round arch surrounded by 11 coins of carved granite that represent the many countries in which the institution had offices. Decorative doors of nickel silver, with bronze trim and a variety of cast and carved forms, designed by the British sculptor David Evans, adorn the lower floors. Its glorious banking halls and superb Art Deco details remain intact after almost 90 years. Twenty Exchange is one of New York City’s most important landmarks.