230 PARK AVENUE
The Helmsley Building is a 35-story building located at 230 Park Avenue between East 45th and East 46th Streets in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, which was built in 1929 as the New York Central Building, and was designed by Warren & Wetmore, the architects of Grand Central Terminal, in the Beaux-Arts style. Before the completion of the Pan Am Building—now the MetLife Building—this building stood out over the city’s second most prestigious avenue as the tallest structure in the great “Terminal City” complex around Grand Central. Before the electrification of the New York Central Railroad in 1903–1913, the neighborhood north of Grand Central Terminal was occupied by open-air railway yards and tracks used by steam locomotives. The electrification and subsequent covering of the yards enabled the continuation of Park Avenue to the north and the construction of new buildings with foundations inside the rail yards in what became the Terminal City development. The New York Central Building was one of the new structures within Terminal City. In 1913, New York Central unveiled a concept for a visual termination point in the city. The original plan was to have this structure be over the railroad’s Grand Central Terminal, which contained a simple limestone facade on its northern elevation. However, it was later built just across the street to the north. New York Central built their 34-story headquarters at 230 Park Avenue in 1929. On September 10, 1931, capo di tutti capi Salvatore Maranzano was murdered in his ninth-floor office here by hitmen sent by Lucky Luciano and Vito Genovese, ambitious underlings whom Maranzano had hired Vincent “Mad Dog” Coll to kill.