State Historic Sites & Points of Interest
Native American Nations and Tribes flourished between AD 850 and 1450. Plains Apache people settled in the Southern Plains and in Oklahoma between 1300 and 1500. During the 19th century, the US federal government forcibly removed tens of thousands of Native Americans from their homelands. The “Trail of Tears” originated from the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831. By 1890, more than 30 Native American nations and tribes had been concentrated on land within Indian Territory.
Between 1866 and 1899, cattle ranches in Texas extended cattle trails and drove into Indian Territory prompting the United States Government to establish the Dawes Act in 1887, diving lands of individual tribes. Railroad companies took nearly half of Indian-held land.
The Dust Bowl sent thousands of farmers into poverty during the 1930s. Major land runs, including the Land Run of 1889, were held for settlers where certain territories were opened to settlement starting at a precise time. Deliberations to make the territory into a state began near the end of the 19th century, when the Curtis Act continued the allotment of Indian tribal land